Menu Close

What is Refinance Mortgage in USA

Mortgage rates have more than doubled in 2022, with the average APR on 30-year loans running near 7 percent. For most borrowers, that’s not the ideal climate for replacing a current loan with a new one. Regardless, a refinance may be in your near future for many reasons. Here’s how the process works, the common options available to you, and what pros and cons to consider.

Mortgage Renewal Process | How to Renew Your Mortgage -


For example, most people refinance to lower their interest rates and reduce their mortgage payments, often saving thousands in mortgage interest. But you can also refinance into a new loan type, shorten your loan term to pay off the home early, or cash out home equity.

  • What does it mean to refinance a mortgage?
  • How does refinancing work?
  • Rate and Term Refinance
  • Cash-Out Refinance
  • Cash-out requirements
  • Cash-in refinance
  • How to find the best refinance rate
  • Use a mortgage refinance calculator
  • Shop the best refinance rates

What does it mean to refinance a mortgage?

6 reasons why refinancing your mortgage is a bad idea | Fox Business

Refinancing involves taking out a new mortgage loan to replace your existing one.

When you refinance, you apply for a new home loan just as you did when you bought your house. But this time, instead of using the loan money to purchase a home, it’s used to pay off your existing mortgage balance.


Refinancing effectively replaces the debt on your current mortgage. It also lets you choose the rate and loan term on your new mortgage, so you can get a new home loan that saves you money or helps you accomplish other financial goals.

How does refinancing work?

Current Interest Rates - NerdWallet

When you refinance, you don’t actually receive the funds from the loan (unless you’re doing a cash-out refi). Instead, the lender(s) involved will handle the transaction behind the scenes. Your refinance lender uses the loan amount to pay off your existing mortgage, and after closing, you’ll start making monthly payments on the new loan.


As far as you’re involved, the mortgage refinance process typically looks a lot like your original home loan process did. Although refinance closing costs tend to be a bit less.

Homeowners refinance because you get to choose the rate and loan terms on your new mortgage. So you can take out a new loan that’s more affordable or helps you meet other financial goals.

Your new loan might also reset the repayment clock. Say you’ve made five years of payments on your current 30-year mortgage. That means you have 25 years left on the loan. If you refinance to a new 30-year loan, you’ll start over and have 30 years again to repay it. If you refinance to a new 20-year loan instead, you’ll pay your loan off five years earlier.


Refinancing comes with closing costs, which can affect whether getting a new mortgage makes financial sense for you. Before you refinance, it’s important to understand how long it will take for the costs of refinancing to pay off compared to how long you plan to stay in the home. You’ll also want to ensure you can afford the new payment and you’ll have enough equity remaining in your home.

Rate and Term Refinance

How long before you can refinance your loan?

In a rate and term refinance, you would typically be getting a new mortgage with a smaller interest rate, as well as possibly a shorter payment term (30 year changed to 15 year term).

With the recent record-low interest rates, refinancing your 30 year mortgage into a 15 year mortgage may end up getting you similar monthly payments as your original loan. This is because of the lower amount of interest you would be paying on your new mortgage, even though 15 year mortgage payments are usually higher than the 30 year loans.

Cash-Out Refinance

Confused about refinancing? We've got your questions answered

In a cash-out refinance, you can refinance up to 80 percent of your current value of your home for cash. Thus, why it is called cash-out refinance. So, say your home is valued at $100,000 and you owe $60,000 on your loan. Your bank or lender can give you, as a qualified borrower, $20,000 in cash-out, making your new mortgage be $80,000.

In a cash-out refinance you are not always saving money by refinancing, but instead getting a form of a lower-interest loan on some needed cash. Reasons for taking a cash-out refinance could be that you may want to dig a new pool for your backyard retreat or go on your dream vacation.

Cash-out requirements

Is a Cash-Out Refinance a Good Idea? - Experian

Cash-out mortgages represent more risk to a bank than a rate-and-term refinance mortgage, so lenders require more stringent approval standards.

For example, a cash-out refinance may be limited to a lower loan size as compared to a rate-and-term refinance; or, the cash-out refi may require higher credit scores at the time of application.

Most refinance loan programs also require borrowers to leave at least 15% to 20% of their home’s equity untapped. That means you won’t be able to withdraw all your home equity, but only a portion of it.

Cash-in refinance

What Is a Good Mortgage Rate? | SoFi

A “cash-in refinance” is the opposite of a cash-out refinance. With a cash-in refinance, the homeowner brings cash to closing in order to pay down their loan balance and lower the amount owed to the bank. This may result in a lower mortgage rate, a shorter loan term, or both. There are several reasons why homeowners choose the cash-in mortgage refinance process.

How to find the best refinance rate

Mortgage Refinance Process: 7 Steps to Refinancing | Mint

Shopping for a competitive refinance rate can save you money both upfront in closing costs and over time in monthly payments. Comparing rates and exploring the different options available to you are wise steps, as your refinanced mortgage will replace your existing loan.

Given how interest rates have spiked over the last year (and may continue into next year), you may also wish to explore a rate lock on your next mortgage. A rate lock is a guarantee that a mortgage lender will honor a specific interest rate at a specific cost for a set period. This protection can help to stabilize your monthly payment during volatile interest-rate times.

Use a mortgage refinance calculator

How to Get the Best Mortgage Rate Right Now | NextAdvisor with TIME

Once you’ve decided to refinance, it’s time to crunch the numbers. Using a mortgage refinance calculator can help you shop for the best mortgage.

You’ll need to know (or make some educated guesses about) your new interest rate and your new loan amount.

After you input the data, the tool will calculate your monthly savings, new payment, and lifetime savings, taking into account the estimated costs of refinancing your home.

It also will show your refinance “break-even” point. Getting a mortgage generally requires paying fees, often amounting to thousands of dollars. It takes a while for a refinance to break even — that is, for the accumulated monthly savings to exceed the refinance closing costs.

Working with a refinance calculator will give you a good idea of what to expect. Even better, when you have a few estimates from mortgage lenders you can enter the terms they offer you into the calculator to help determine which one offers the best deal.

Shop the best refinance rates

How To Choose The Right Kind Of Refinance For You | Bankrate

Now for a little legwork — or more likely web work and phone calls. You want to shop for your best refinance rate and get a Loan Estimate from each lender. Each potential lender is required to issue the estimate within three days of receiving your basic information.

The Loan Estimate is a simple three-page document that details the loan terms, projected payments, estimated closing costs and other fees.

Compare the loan details from each lender and decide which one is best for you. This is a good time to work that mortgage refinance calculator.

Posted in Business

Related Posts

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *